Robabeh Soleimani*, Mir Mohammad Jalali** , Arezu Bour***
* Kavosh Cognitive Behavioral Sciences and Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical
Sciences, Rasht, Iran
** Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
*** School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Psychological factors can be associated with allergic disorders. However, no
particular personality pattern associated with these disorders has yet been identified.
This study aimed at comparing the personality profiles of patients with perennial
allergic rhinitis and normal controls.
Materials & Methods:
This cross-sectional study was done on 50 adult people with persistent
allergic rhinitis for at least one year and 50 age- and sex-matched normal controls that completed
the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). A multivariate covariance analysis
(MANCOVA) was carried out to discover possible personality differences between the two groups.
The data were analyzed by SPSS v. 19 software.
The results of the MMPI showed no significant difference between the two groups in
the validity scales (P=0.29). The most common modal validity presentation style in both groups
was neutral self-presentation. The MANCOVA analysis showed significantly high scores on the
hypochondriasis (F=18.13, P<0.005, partial η2=0.16) and hysteria scales in allergic rhinitis subjects (F=8.68, P=0.04, partial η2=0.08) compared with normal controls. The most common profiles with high scores in the allergic rhinitis subjects were schizophrenia (52%, P<0.01) and hypochondriasis (50%, P<0.01). These scales emphasized the feelings of isolation and discomfort in allergic people. The frequency of psychasthenia scale, which measures long lasting anxiety, was significantly different between the two groups (40% in allergic rhinitis subjects vs. 10% in normal controls, odds ratio=6 [95%CI 1.9-22.3], P<0.001).
The score of psychological health is lower among allergic people than in normal controls.
Schizophrenia and hypochondriasis are the most common profiles in the allergic rhinitis subjects.
Keywords: Rhinitis, Allergic, MMPI, Mental Health